Costa Rica & Coffee Continued 3


The flourishing coffee business led to the rapid establishment of commercial companies that exported coffee to Europe and at the same time imported manufactured goods from the old continent

With the conclusion of the road to Puntarenas, in 1846, which revolutionized the coffee trade and allowed the mules to be replaced by wagons, coffee became the only export product of Costa Rica until 1890. During this period its cultivation extended west of the Central Valley which was suitable for cultivation due to its topography, climate and connection with primary roads to secondary roads.

Soon new names were added to the coffee strain, among whom were Hipolite Tournon, Emilio Challe, Jorge Seevers, MaxKoberg, the Rohrmoser brothers, von Schroter family, Castro brothers, Wilhelm Peters, etc. Also the Creole coffee farmers: Florentino Castro, Montealegre, Ortuño, Bonilla and González Flores, etc.

Many of them not only took up the challenge of producing quality coffee in areas of traditional fame, but also formed estates in the Central Valley once the railroad to the Atlantic facilitated the colonization of the area in the late nineteenth century.